“Begin at the beginning,” Lewis Carroll wrote in his famous
Alice in Wonderland
. To fully understand the oneness of
God, we have to begin at the beginning—how God revealed His
oneness to the Jews in the Old Testament.
God walked with Adam and Eve in the cool of the evening,
communing with the people He created. After Adam and Eve
sinned, humanity lost that connection with God. Many turned
to all sorts of other things to worship: the sun, the moon, the
stars, animals, sticks of wood, statues of stone and metal, even
Then Abram stepped into the scene. God told him to leave
the polytheistic land of Ur of the Chaldees and follow after
Him. If he did, God promised to make a great nation out of
him, a nation that would in time be known as Israel.
Four hundred thirty years later, Moses followed God’s direc
tion to lead Israel out of bondage. Moses, writing in the Law,
stated unequivocally there was only one God: “Hear, O Israel:
The Lord our God is one Lord” (Deuteronomy 6:4). So begins
the sacred prayer known as the Shema, recited by devout Jews
to this day.
From Scripture we learn that God is a spirit, eternal, invis
ible, without form, and not bound to any single point in time.
In the Old Testament, God chose a variety of forms to reveal
Himself to man: a burning bush, a pillar of fire, a cloud. In the
New Testament God assumed the form of man, born as a child
named Jesus. Paul wrote, “but when the fullness of the time
was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made
under the law” (Galatians 4:4). God came as a man to fulfill the
meaning of the name of Jesus, “Jehovah-Savior” or “Jehovah
our salvation.” The God who could not die Himself became a
man, born of woman, so that He could become the “Lamb for
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